La Direction Générale de la Police Nationale
The national police service in Côte D’Ivoire falls under the control of the Ministry of Interior and is called the La Direction Générale de la Police Nationale, which translates to General Directorate of the National Police (DGPN) in English. The primary functions of the DGPN are: law enforcement; maintaining order and public safety; protecting private and public freedoms; securing the state; and controlling and coordination activities under direction of the Minister’s authority.
The DGPN retains control of the General Directorate of Judicial Police (GDJP), the objectives of which include the following: fighting against serious crime on the whole national territory; conducting research and centralising information on economic and financial crime; combatting crimes against children, including trafficking, exploitation and all forms of violence; fighting against the trafficking and smuggling of illicit goods; and reducing incidents of drug use and trafficking.
Further, the GDJP maintains authority over several directorates, including the Criminal Police Directorate, the Economic and Financial Police Department, as well as the Police Directorate of Narcotics and Drugs. The Criminal Police Directorate is composed of the Sub-Directorate of Criminal Investigation; the Sub-Directorate of Repression of Banditry, and the Sub-Directorate of the Fight Against Child Trafficking and Juvenile Delinquency.
In addition to the General Directorate of Judicial Police and the Criminal Police Directorate, the DGPN retains control over several other directorates, including:
- Deputy General Directorate of Public Security;
- Assistant Director General in charge of forensics;
- Training and the National Police School of Management;
- Personnel Directorate of the National Police; and
- Health Services Directorate of the National Police.
The police organisation is not subject to effective oversight or accountability, and a culture of impunity is pervasive. Further, the judiciary does not operate as an oversight mechanism insofar as judges are not independent, and are appointed without tenure and are highly susceptible to external interference. Further, in areas under rebel control, there is no judicial system or mechanism to hold combatants accountable for their abuses. According to a Human Rights Watch country report for Cote D’Ivoire in 2015, ‘members of the security forces including soldiers, gendarmes, and police perpetrated numerous serious human rights abuses, including mistreatment and torture of detainees, sometimes to extract confessions; extrajudicial killings; rape; and extortion’, with ‘several commanders implicated in serious human rights abuses remain in key positions in the security forces’.
|Côte D’Ivoire||Report||2016||Interpol Country Profile: Côte D’Ivoire||Source|
|Côte D’Ivoire||News Article||2016||Business Anti-Corruption Portal||Source|
|Côte D’Ivoire||Human Rights Report||2015||Human Rights Watch Country Report for Côte D’Ivoire 2015||Source|
|Côte D’Ivoire||News Article||2014||Ivory Coast cracking down on cybercrime||Source|
|Côte D’Ivoire||Report||2008||APCOF: Police Oversight in Africa – Côte D’Ivoire||Source (PDF)|