The Police Nationale Congolaise

The Police Nationale Congolaise (PNC) is the national police force in the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is staffed with a combination of retired officers; members of ex-militia groups; and ex-military personnel. The ex-combatants were integrated into the police as a matter of political convenience and without specific training. The mixture of civilians and ex-military personnel of diverse origin has contributed to the lack of cohesion within the police. The police force is separated into an administrative branch (police administrative) and a legal branch (police judiciaire), both of which work with the judiciary to prosecute offences. It has five police structures, namely the Superior Council, General Commissionership, Inspectorate General, Provincial police stations and territorial and local units.

Oversight Mechanisms

The PNC has a division for internal monitoring the Inspection-Generale d’Audit. Incidents of indiscipline by police officials are dealt with by the military justice system, which has been criticized by the Congolese civil society, which also provides oversight. The judiciary plays the role of overseer but its role is limited as judicial decisions are enforced in the name of the President and are therefore subject to political interference.

  1. Thierry Nlandu Mayamba, Building a Police Force
“for the good” in DR Congo Questions that still haunt reformers and reform beneficiaries, 2013. p 7.Available at http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lang=en&id=176728 . <Accessed on 30 March 2016>.
  2. African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum (2008) An Audit of Police Oversight In Africa: The Democratic Republic of Congo, p.19.
Country Category Date Title URL
DRC General 2015/2016 Amnesty International, Democratic Republic of the Congo Report 2015/2016 Source
DRC News Story 2015 Security, Development and the Congolese National Police Force Source
DRC General 2015 World Report 2015: Democratic Republic of Congo Source
DRC News Story 2014 DR Congo: Police Operation Kills 51 Young Men and Boys Source