Mauritius Police Force
The Mauritius Police Force (MPF) is a national body, which falls under the control of the Minister of Internal Security. The Commissioner of the Police is responsible for the MPF and is supported by Deputy Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners who are responsible for the eleven separate branches of the police. The Commissioner reports directly to the Prime Minister.
In light of the endemic nature of police violence, the MPF introduced various reforms in 2010 to transform the police from a ‘force-oriented culture’ into a ‘service-oriented culture’, the primary objective being to move from a militaristic approach towards a community-oriented approach, the focus being the needs, expectations and concerns of the public. Accordingly, the new model for policing is based on six key pillars:
- community policing;
- compliance with human rights;
- human resource management;
- permanent strategic planning;
- intelligence-led policing; and
- enhancing reactive capability.
Oversight of the police is primarily handled internally, with complaints involving the police being dealt with by the Police Complaints Investigation Bureau (CPIB), which is a department within the MPF. While internal mechanisms of oversight are important, concerns regarding the independence of such procedures have been raised given that citizens are required to lay complaints at the police station and that CPIB are responsible for conducting the investigations. There is, however, an external component of oversight in that complaints must be overseen by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the results of investigations must be submitted to the Director of Public Prosecutions. It is imperative to note here that the NHRC’s powers are limited insofar as: (1) it is unable to compensate victims of police abuse; and (2) it relies upon the Minister of the Interior or the Commissioner of the Police to facilitate the investigation. Accordingly, only a small percentage of complaints received by the CPIB are pursued for further prosecution.
|Mauritius||General||2012||Mauritius: Law and Order; Policing attitudes…||Source|
|Mauritius||General||2012||Permanent mission of the Republic of Mauritius to the United Nations and the other International organizations||Source (PDF)|
|Mauritius||Research Publication||2012||Mid-term Implementation Assessment: Mauritius||Source (PDF)|
|Mauritius||Research Publication||2011||Organizing the Counter Terrorism Unit of the Republic of Mauritius; Using the Main Counter terrorism Agencies of the United States as Models||Source (PDF)|
|Mauritius||Concluding Observations||2011||Concluding Observations from the Committee against Torture||Source|