The Namibian Police Service

The Namibian Police Force (NAMPOL) is headed by an Inspector General assisted by two Deputy Inspectors General – one in charge of operations and the other of administration. NamPol incorporated many men and women from the former South West Africa Territorial Force (SWATF), Koevoet of South West Africa Counter Insurgency Unit which was a paramilitary unit deployed during the Namibian war of independence and People’s Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN).NAMPOL falls under the Home Affairs Ministry and its mission is :

  • To preserve Namibian internal security;
  • To ensure law and order;
  • To prevent, detect and investigate crime; and
  • To protect life and property.

Oversight Mechanisms

The Constitution established an Ombudsman whose mandate is to investigate complaints of violation of human rights, abuse of power and unfair, harsh or insensitive treatment of an inhabitant of Namibia. Complaints of assault are referred by the Ombudsman to the Namibian Police Complaints and Discipline Unit (NPCDU), which is a unit within the police command structure. The unit has the mandate to investigate complaints against the police and refer the outcomes to relevant police directorates, such as internal investigation units. The NPCDU’s mandate includes the investigation of deaths in police custody, and as a result of police action and complaints against the police. There is no independent complaints mechanism to investigate complaints of misconduct leveled at members of the police by the public. The Anti- Corruption Commission, the Auditor General, the Prosecutor-General, the Courts, Parliamentary Standing Committees and Civil Society Organizations also have oversight over the police.

However, there is no central independent body which investigates only the police.

  1. Policing and Human Rights (2012) Assessing Southern African Countries compliance with the SARPCCO Code of Conduct for Police Officials, p 100.
  2. Interpol: Connecting Police For A Safer World. Country Profile: Namibia. Available at <Accessed on 1 April 2016.
  3. African Policing Civilian Oversight Forum (2012) Policing and Human Rights: Assessing southern African countries’ compliance with the SARPCCO Code of Conduct for Police Officers, p104.
NamibiaGeneral2015/2016Amnesty International Country Report for Namibia 2015/ 2016Source
NamibiaResearch Publication2015Namibian Parliament’s Oversight Role Over The Security Sector: A Case Study Of The Parliamentary Standing Committees On Foreign Affairs, Defence And Security Of Both HousesSource (PDF)
NamibiaNews Story2014Cross-border crime in spotlightSource